“MARITIME EDUCATION & SURFING”
1st Practical-Theoretical Course on Maritime Education for Surfing
– Barra da Tijuca, 2017 –
Prof. Bruno Castello da Costa
– PROPOSAL –
Bruno Ferreira Alves Castello da Costa
The objective of this text is to present you the course “Maritime Education & Surfing”, including its structural rationale and syllabus.
The core of this course resides in its practical-theoretical study of the beach as a highly dynamical, unstable environment, and it encompasses a diversity of aspects, going from the learning and refinement of skills and capacities which become necessary to a thorough interactional experience with the surf zone, until top-level surfing practicing and training. Featuring the training of surfing (in the proper sense of the word), utilitarian swimming techniques applied to the waves (bodysurfing, approach stroke, approach stroke jackknife submersion, submersed stroke, front crawl, breaststroke and backstroke), running, bodyweight exercises (pull-ups, push-ups, dips, jumping jacks, crunches) and stretching.
Total duration of the course typically varies accordingly to students’ availability and interest, starting with 01 (one) or more meetings at Barra da Tijuca beach.
In the next sections, I will present you the teaching method and desirable prerequisites to the course, students’ material, pricing and syllabus.
Bruno Castello da Costa
Bruno Ferreira Alves Castello da Costa
Instructor, Researcher and Technical Advisor
SurfingPedagogy.com: Maritime Education & Surfing
+55 (21) 99749-0543
The teaching method “Oriented Consciousness Mastering in the Practice of Surfing” sustains familiarization with the sports environment to be conducted prior to worrying with the waves or the board. Following a consistent base of scientific evidence, working with the students should evolve from: (i) a closed, invariable environment (minimal variations in the environment and also in motor performance regulatory conditions) towards an open, variable one (where both dimensions vary); (ii) a situation with body stabilization and without object manipulation, to a situation without body stabilization and with object manipulation. The goal is to follow a pedagogical progression system capable of allowing students to safely advance towards a relative environmental taming phenomenon wherein the perception of the real hazards inherent to the surf zone and its surroundings is kept undistorted.
Course units: (1) Familiarization in the liquid environment; (2) Marine aspects that influence surfing; (3) Physical study of waves; (4) Maritime swimming; (5) Maritime swimming riding waves (Bodysurfing); (6) Terrestrial familiarization with surfboard; (7) Maritime familiarization with surfboard; (8) Maritime swimming with surfboard; (9) Maritime swimming with surfboard riding waves (Surfing); (10) Transversal themes. Concurrence of study on contiguous units is predicted to occur, and we encourage students to complement our lessons with home study of the units’ glossaries and lists of complementary bibliographic sources and excerpts presented.
Basic bibliography suggested for the course: CASTELLO DA COSTA, B. F. A.; NUNES, G. G.; LADVOCAT, R. B.; BATISTA, L. A.. Oriented Consciousness Mastering in the Practice of Surfing. 2nd ed. Rio de Janeiro, RJ: authors’ edition, 2013 (available at http://www.amazon.com/dp/148190468X, https://www.createspace.com/4119920
Despite not mandatory, a few prerequisites are welcome in terms of enhancing students’ performance throughout the learning process, such as the following: advanced swimming skills; good orthopaedic fitness that would allow for some sand running; strength training and stretching experience; interest in learning and/or perfecting one’s ability to deal with the surf, with Surfing and/or with Bodysurfing, Bodyboarding, etc.; a taste for team work and for private/group theoretical study activities. Obs: In order to join the course, it is agreed that students should present a medical certification stating that they are allowed to engage in physical activity practicing.
IMPORTANT –> This course is intended for skilled swimmers, ages 11-12 on. For younger children and swimming beginners, we advise “SWIMMING FOR SURFING” first (more information below – in the appendix section of this text -, and at https://surfingpedagogy.com/maritime-education).
Depending on students’ training goals and learning stage, lessons could be initiated specifically aiming at the sport they have in mind (Surfing, Bodyboarding, Bodysurfing, etc.). In this case, students are welcome to bring their own equipment to lessons (board, leash, fins, wetsuit, etc.).
The course could also contemplate individuals who are less experienced in the sport, and in this case we would initiate our activities wearing swimming suits and/or surfing clothing, and we would also need swimming goggles, sunscreen (to be applied before arriving on the beach), towel, hat, sunglasses and some clean clothes for after class (at your discretion).
Private lessons (60 minutes; Barra da Tijuca beach):
– R$130,00 per lesson.
Small-group lessons (60-90 minutes; Barra da Tijuca beach):
– R$110,00 per lesson per student (2 or 3 members) (60 to 90 minutes).
UNIT 1 – FAMILIARIZATION IN THE LIQUID ENVIRONMENT
General goal: to master muscular relaxation, respiratory relaxation and psychological control while in the water, aware of the importance of proper clothing and sun protection.
Specific goals (10): to comprehend the importance of sun protection; to be aware of surfer’s proper clothing; to master breathing, holding of breath, flotation, sculling, headlong dive, static apnea, aquatic forward roll, aquatic backward roll.
UNIT 2 – MARINE ASPECTS THAT INFLUENCE SURFING
General goal: to comprehend the main marine aspects which influence surfing.
Specific goals (20): to comprehend beaches as transitional environments between the ocean and the continent; to identify the cardinal points; to identify the wind direction; to identify the surface current direction; to identify impact zones and surf zones; to identify the breaking line, the inside and the outside; to be aware of the swash and backwash; to identify berms and beach scarps; to comprehend the size of the sand particles in relation to the age of a beach; to distinguish the following types of beaches: dissipative, reflective, intermediate, sheltered; to identify lateral sand bottom beach channels (valões) and the lateral component of a rip current; to identify seaward sand bottom beach channels (valas) and the seaward component of a rip current; to comprehend the influence of cliffs, headlands and piers to the waves; to identify the following parts of a vala: mouth, neck, head; to classify the tide; to identify shorebreaks; to identify sandbars; to comprehend the existence of rock and coral reef seabeds; to comprehend the concept of bathymetry; to comprehend the concept and classes of surf breaks.
UNIT 3 – PHYSICAL STUDY OF WAVES
General goal: to comprehend the main physical aspects of a wave.
Specific goals (30): to comprehend the concept of a wave; to comprehend the classification of a wave according to its means of propagation; to comprehend the classification of a wave according to the direction of energetic vibration; to comprehend the starting mechanism for a wave on the sea, its restoring forces and growth limiting factors; to comprehend the concept of swell; to comprehend propagation and features of waves in the open sea; to comprehend differences among waves of different periods; to comprehend the possibility of a swell superposition; to comprehend the dynamics of the particles in the means of propagation; to comprehend the sea floor influence over the waves; to comprehend the concepts of critical crest angle and breaking depth with regard to the wave height; to identify the following wave parts: lip, wall, base, back; to comprehend the concepts of pocket and shoulder; to comprehend the concept of the tube; to estimate the height of a wave; to comprehend the broken wave as an aquatic steamroller; to comprehend the concept of the impact zone under the broken wave perspective; to estimate the number of waves per set and the duration of lulls; to comprehend the concept of a continental shelf; to comprehend the effect of a continental shelf over the wave speed; to comprehend sandbars, rock and coral reefs as guiding agents to the breaking of a wave; to comprehend the phenomenon of wave refraction; to comprehend the concept of concave refraction (focusing) and convex refraction (defocusing); to identify the swell direction; to comprehend the influence of nearshore currents over the breaking depth of waves; to identify land breeze and sea breeze; to comprehend the land breeze/sea breeze starting mechanism; to comprehend the land breeze/sea breeze effects over the breaking waves; to estimate the degree to which a wave wall rises; to comprehend the degree to which a wave wall rises in relation to the general classification of the three wave types.
UNIT 4 – MARITIME SWIMMING
General goal: to swim from the inside to the outside, returning through the sandbar.
Specific goals (12): to execute general observation; to execute specific observation; to execute the sand-vala transitional maneuver; to execute vala approach; to execute continued specific observation; to maintain a coastal reference; to execute vala approach synchronization with the incoming sets; to execute energy expenditure optimization; to execute exercise recovery on the outside; to comprehend the concept of lineup; to execute the sandbar attack during lull periods; to execute the water-sand transitional maneuver.
UNIT 5 – MARITIME SWIMMING RIDING WAVES: BODYSURFING
General goal: to swim from the inside to the outside, returning through the wave lines.
Specific goals (13): to comprehend the concept of wave line; to identify rights and lefts; to comprehend the concept of wave reading; to comprehend the concept of peak; to define ideal peak; to identify close-out waves; to comprehend the concept of preference; to comprehend the concepts of interference; to execute the following sports skills: attack paddling; taking off; dropping; trimming; escaping the wave.
UNIT 6 – TERRESTRIAL FAMILIARIZATION WITH SURFBOARD
General goal: to execute proper manipulation of the surfboard in the terrestrial environment.
Specific goals (13): to comprehend the composition of a surfboard; to list a few surfboard types; to recognize the elementary accessories of a surfboard; to execute proper care of the surfboard; to execute the following motor skills: squatting, lifting of potentially damaging loads, acquisition of an erect posture capable of minimizing the vertebrae column stress placed by holding the surfboard, static maintenance of such posture, dynamic maintenance of such posture while walking straight ahead, dynamic maintenance of such posture while making a turn (rotation), dynamic maintenance of such posture while walking making a turn (rotation and translation); to recognize most common surfboard wear and tear damages, to be aware of basic fixing components.
UNIT 7 – MARITIME FAMILIARIZATION WITH SURFBOARD
General goal: to execute the basic positions and commands with the surfboard.
Specific goals (9): to execute the sand-vala transitional maneuver with the surfboard; to execute the lying position; to execute approach paddling; to execute the approach turn; to execute the duck dive (shortboard students); to execute the Eskimo roll (longboard and funboard students); to execute the lying rotation; to execute the sitting position; to execute the sitting rotation; to execute the water-sand transitional maneuver with the surfboard.
UNIT 8 – MARITIME SWIMMING WITH SURFBOARD
General goal: to paddle from the inside to the outside, returning through the sandbar lying on the surfboard.
Specific goals (11): to execute general observation; to execute specific observation; to execute the sand-vala transitional maneuver with the surfboard; to execute vala approach; to execute continued specific observation; to maintain an onshore reference; to execute vala approach synchronization with the incoming sets; to execute energy expenditure optimization; to execute exercise recovery, observation and expectation on the outside; to execute the sandbar attack during lull periods; to execute the water-sand transitional maneuver with the surfboard.
UNIT 9 – MARITIME SWIMMING WITH SURFBOARD RIDING WAVES: SURFING
General goal: to paddle from the inside to the outside, returning through the wave lines standing on the surfboard.
Specific goals (9): to execute the following sports skills: attack paddling, taking off, dropping, standing up; to comprehend the following concepts: regular footer, goofy footer, switch footer; to execute the sports skill of trimming; to comprehend the concepts of frontside and backside; to execute the sports skill of the bail out; to comprehend the wipeout concept.
UNIT 10 – TRANSVERSAL THEMES
General goal: to stimulate students’ interest on surfing-related themes.
Specific goals (9): to home study the following: cardiopulmonary resuscitation and first aid to drowning victims, forecasting of surfing conditions, history of surfing, a few oceanographic aspects under the perspective of Marine Biology; to analyze those themes in class; to visit search-and-rescue military/nonmilitary institutions, museums and universities; to recommend students to get certified on a CPR/first aid basic course.
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